Modeling the environmental fate of microorganisms

Cover of: Modeling the environmental fate of microorganisms |

Published by American Society for Microbiology in Washington, DC .

Written in English

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  • Microbial ecology -- Mathematical models.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Book details

Statementedited by Christon J. Hurst.
ContributionsHurst, Christon J.
LC ClassificationsQR100 .M59 1991
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 292 p. :
Number of Pages292
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1863034M
ISBN 101555810314
LC Control Number90020775

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Modeling the Fate of Microorganisms in Water, Wastewater, and Soil, p In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: /ch28Cited by: 2.

Book: Modelling the environmental fate of microorganisms. + pp. Abstract: The 12 chapters of this multiauthor book address the application of statistical modelling to studies on the ability of microorganisms microorganisms Subject Category: Organism Groups. 1 day ago  AQUATOX: Modelling Environmental Risk and Damage Assessment in Aquatic Ecosystems is a new volume in the series: Developments in Environmental Modelling.

This volume provide one single source for all AQUATOX applications with basic equations, applications and examples of how the model has been implemented in various aquatic habitats (riverine 4/5(21). Summary. The study of bioaerosol fate and transport has recently gained more attention due to the recognized importance of both indoor and outdoor events that have been shown to impact applicable populations.

In this Chapter current thinking and research are presented in the topic areas of hydrodynamic and kinetic forces affecting fate and transport; environmental condition effects on viability; bioaerosol transport and viability modeling; and microorganism inactivation.

This book is concerned with modelling the fate of organic substances in the soil. Once a chemical enters the soil it is subject to various transformation processes. It partitions between the liquid, solid and gaseous phase, it is sorbed to different binding sites with a different strength of bonding, it may decay by a simple chemical process or it may be transformed by microorganisms.

Dickinson, R.A. ‘Problems with using existing transport models to describe microbial transport in porous media’. 21– In C.J. Hurst (ed.) Modeling the environmental fate of microorganismes. Soc. Microbiol., Washington, D.C. Google Scholar. The model by Besseling et al. [35, 36] is the first model that simulated the fate of nano- up to centimeter (i.e., macroplastic)-sized plastic particles in a river (see for review).

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Microorganisms have enabled feasible and cost-effective responses which would have been impossible via straightforward chemical or physical engineering methods. Microbial technologies have of late been applied to a range of environmental problems, with considerable success.

This book introduces the general strategy of design, the natural environmental cycles and how human activities interrupt and control them, toxicity and risk assessment for the protection of human and environmental health, the fate of pollutants in the environment, and a review of U.S.

and international laws and regulations. Watershed-scale modeling can include a range of components from simulating surface runoff from soil through to FM fate and transfer dynamics within a series of complex environmental matrices ().The origin of fecal material in a watershed includes fresh fecal Modeling the environmental fate of microorganisms book deposited directly by livestock and wild animals, and farm wastes such as manure and slurry that often contains a mixture.

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American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC,(). The study of bioaerosol fate and transport has recently gained more attention due to the recognized importance of both indoor and outdoor events that have been shown to impact applicable populations.

In this Chapter current thinking and research are presented in the topic areas of hydrodynamic and kinetic forces affecting fate and transport; environmental condition effects on viability; bioaerosol transport. Environmental modeling: fate and transport of pollutants in water, air, and soil.

Responsibility Jerald Schnoor. Nielsen Book Data) Environmental Modeling brings a uniquely contemporary perspective to the assessment of environmental quality. Addressing key questions about fate, transport, and long-term effects of chemical pollutants in. The Deepwater Horizon disaster provided a perfect ecosystem model for studies on the fate of oil in the marine environment.

A large literature is now available, particularly on microbial ecology aspects, confirming the important role of microorganisms in determining the fate of spilled oil.

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Schnoor (Author) out of 5 stars 4 ratings. ISBN Reviews: 5. This volume focuses on modelling the fate of chemicals in the environment and the human body to arrive at an integrated exposure assessment.

It covers five broad topics, namely: future challenges in exposure assessment; the evolution of human health and environmental risk assessment; standard documentation for exposure models; modelling different environmental components (i.e.

surface waters, atmosphere. Simulating the release and removal of manure‐borne pathogens and indicator microorganisms is an essential component of microbial fate and transport modeling regarding food safety and water quality.

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A portion of each sample was used for nutrient and chlorophyll a (Chl-a) measurements, and the rest was pre-filtered using a mesh sieve, and then passed through a μm pore size filter with a diameter of 47 mm (Merck Millipore, Billerica, MA, USA) to collect environmental microorganisms.

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The book is organized into three thematic sections: Soil Microbiology, Water Microbiology, and Environmental Biotechnology. The first section includes experiments on soil as a habitat for microorganisms, and introduces the main types of soil microorganisms, how they interact with the soil, and the techniques used in their analysis.

A single, comprehensive resource for researchers, scientists, and students in environmental microbiology In recent years, the field of environmental microbiology has taken on new importance.

But even with a wealth of new research and new interest in the subject, there has never been a single resource to which professionals and students could turn for reliable, detailed coverage of the field. @article{osti_, title = {Evaluation of terrestrial microcosms for assessing the fate and effects of genetically engineered microorganisms on ecological processes}, author = {Fredrickson, J K and Bentjen, S A and Bolton, H Jr and Li, S W and Ligotke, M W and McFadden, K M and Van Voris, P}, abstractNote = {This project evaluates and modifies the existing US Environmental Protection.

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Addressing key questions about fate, transport, and long-term effects of chemical pollutants in the. microorganisms. You will learn, as you read this book, that despite their minute size, these organisms form the basis for all life on earth.

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and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at   This volume addresses the fate of chemical pollutants in our air, water, and soil. The result of a historic collaboration between eminent Russian and American scientists, Fate of Pesticides and Chemicals in the Environment contains new predictive models of transport and transformation from many of the leading scientists in this area of research.

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Environmental risk assessment performed for chemicals involves exposure assessment, effects assessment, and risk integration. The nature of living microorganisms (growth, replication. and survival), as compared to chemicals, requires that their biological attributes be integrated into risk assessment.

Biological attributes have generally been dealt with in effects assessment and not exposure. James Devillers has authored/edited 13 books and published more than peer-reviewed papers and book chapters in QSAR and (eco)toxicology modeling. He is editor-in-chief of the journal SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research (Taylor & Francis) and editor of the series of books QSAR in Environmental and Health Sciences (CRC Press).

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growth of microorganisms in foods, if they do not produce the same effect on the growth of microorganisms, they all must be considered when trying to prevent the occurrence of food intoxications. There are many types of microorganisms of different forms and more or less complex structures.

Bacteria, molds, and yeasts are, among all, those that. Council for Regulatory Environmental Modeling. EPA//K/ March Office of the Science Advisor. Guidance on the Development, Evaluation, and Application of Environmental Models. Council for Regulatory Environmental Modeling U.S.

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Perchlorate (ClO 4-) release into the environment has occurred primarily in association with its manufacture and use in solid rocket released into groundwater, perchlorate can spread over large distances because it is highly soluble in water and adsorbs poorly to soil.Thus, the microcosm system described here would seem to be useful for the study of the ecology of biodegradation and the fate and effect of microorganisms introduced into the environment.

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